By Hartmut Scharfe
A accomplished survey of all facets of schooling in India, either within the oral and written traditions. Chronologically it covers every little thing from the Vedic interval as much as the Hindu kingdoms ahead of the institution of Muslim rule. If appropriate, the reader will usually locate sidesteps to trendy continuities. The function of the oral culture and the options of memorization are mentioned, besides schooling in small inner most tutorials and the improvement of huge monasteries and temple colleges drawing close collage personality. specialist education, the position of the instructor and of overseas languages are handled, and the influence of the odd good points of Indian schooling on Indian society.
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Additional resources for Education in Ancient India (Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 2 South Asia)
In Mahavagga III 5,9 (PTS pp. ) the Buddha allowed monks to leave their monsoon residence on certain urgent business with lay followers (updsakd). knows how to recite a celebrated suttanta. " In Ahguttara-nikaya (PTS) II p. 43, 55 and 69. 86 "Therefore he extended his journey as far as Central India, and here in a monastery of the Greater Vehicle87 he obtained a copy according to the text accepted at the first Great Assembly... The Vedas have been handed down from mouth to mouth, not transcribed on paper or leaves.
For "being satisfied with oneself, inner consent" (dtma-tusti) is according to Manu II 6 +12 one of the four sources for knowing what is right (dharma) besides sruti (the sacred Vedic tradition), smrti (brahmin-sanctioned traditions of society) and sad-dcdra (the conduct of the good men) - but only in strict compliance with the Veda. , the critical voice of one's conscience16 is based on the Veda. " If taken literally, this would deprive them of the rare privilege of being born a man. 20 India has made only modest attempts at an anthropology.
2f. ) Ong displays an abysmal ignorance of ancient India, when he calls the brahmans a "literate caste" and claims: "At certain periods of Indian history, only brahmans were taught to read at all. " It is just the point that the brahmins did not read the Vedas but memorized and recited them (which does not make them literate - they even professed a distaste for writing), and ksattriyas and vaisyas were equally entitled to study the Vedas (but not to teach them). There was no injunction against learning to read and write for any caste.