Digital Technologies of the Self by Yasmine Abbas, Fred Dervin

By Yasmine Abbas, Fred Dervin

Encouraged by means of the 'technologies of the self' theorized by way of Michel Foucault within the early Eighties, this quantity investigates how modern contributors style their identity/identities utilizing electronic applied sciences comparable to ambient clever units, social networking structures and on-line groups (Facebook, CouchSurfing and craigslist), on-line gaming (SilkRoad on-line, Oblivion and international of Warcraft), podcasts, and so on. With high-speed-internet entry, ubiquitous computing and beneficiant garage capability, the possibilities for staging and reworking the self/selves became approximately unlimited. This ebook explores how applied sciences give a contribution to the expression, (co-)construction and enactment of identities. It examines those matters from a variety of views because it brings jointly insights from diverse disciplines - layout, discourse research, philosophy and sociology.

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Secondly, because posts are text-based, Missed Connections requires that users produce a self-knowledge in categorical terms. The importance of these categories may be more important online. Lea and Spears (1992), for one, have shown that individuals rely on social categories when formulating impressions of others in anonymous digital environments. Finally, there is a difference between the message intended by a Missed Connections author and the way that message is interpreted by readers. In her theory of intertextuality, Kristeva (1980) claims that texts are unable to transfer meaning directly, but instead are mediated through a set of personal “codes” that influence our production and interpretation of meaning.

I am particularly interested in the ways individuals negotiate anonymity and identification across real and digital worlds. In addition to the work of Foucault, these readings are informed by Kristeva’s theory of intertextuality (1980), and research on anonymity and self-presentation from the field of computer mediated communication (Lea and Spears 1992; Walther 1992; Walther 1996). Together, these theories provide a framework by which to understand the behavior of authors and readers and the potential implications of these brief interactions between otherwise anonymous individuals.

Foucault 1980, 98) Foucault accounted for the subject’s relationship to power with what he called “technologies of the self” (1988). Foucault’s description of these technologies shows an expansion of his theories of confession and internalized disciplinary regulation to collectively explain the practices by which the subject continually inserts power/knowledge into his consciousness through practices or technologies of self-checking and selfknowledge. For Foucault, our individuality is not subject to power.

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