Conceptual Change by Kendall L. Walton (auth.), Glenn Pearce, Patrick Maynard

By Kendall L. Walton (auth.), Glenn Pearce, Patrick Maynard (eds.)

During Hallowe'en of 1970, the dep. of Philosophy of the Univer­ sity of Western Ontario held its annual fall colloquium at London, On­ tario. the overall subject of the classes that yr used to be conceptual switch. The 13 papers composing this quantity stem kind of without delay from these conferences; six of them are published right here almost as added, whereas the rest seven have been accordingly written via invitation. The programme of the colloquium used to be to have consisted of significant papers introduced through Professors Wilfrid Sellars, Stephan Korner, Paul Ziff and Hilary Putnam, with shorter observation thereupon by way of Professors Robert Binkley, Joseph Ullian, Jerry Fodor and Robert Barrett, respec­ tively. and that's the approach it occurred, with one vital exception: on the 11th hour, Sellars and Binkley exchanged roles. This gave Binkley the fairly strange and not easy job of delivering an appropriate Sellarsian solution to a question no longer of his personal asking - for Binkley's paper was once written less than Sellars' unique name. Sellars' personal contribution to the vo­ lume might be extra approximately what he could have offered as major speaker than an instantaneous reaction to Binkley. in spite of the fact that, it has appeared most sensible, on stability, to aim no extra stylistic lodging of the only paper to the opposite; their mutual philosophical relevance could be glaring at the least. The editors may right here prefer to expand distinct because of either Sellars and Binkley for his or her outstanding efforts lower than the circumstances.

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It can't outrun a man. Then it is untrue that a cheetah can outrun a man? No. H is true that an encumbered cheetah is a cheetah, and it is also perhaps true that an encumbered cheetah cannot outrun a man. But it does not follow that a cheetah cannot outrun a man. When I say 'A cheetah can SOMETHING ABOUT CONCEPTUAL SCHEMES 37 outrun a man' am I speaking of an unencumbered cheetah or of an encumbered cheetah? Neither. If one meets a cheetah on his way then either one meets an unencumbered cheetah or one meets an encumbered cheetah.

It is true that some - never mind which - cheetahs can outrun a man. But it is also true that some - never mind which - men can outrun a cheetah (namely those able ones racing against disabled cheetahs). And it is also true that some - never mind which - cheetahs cannot outrun a man and some - never mind which - men cannot outrun a cheetah. So so far men and cheetahs would seem to be on a par with respect to running. But they are not: a cheetah can outrun a man. Another case: cheetahs don't have horns; what about a cheetah that has been subjected to a successful horn graft?

How far can one go here? Could one claim and truly that cheetahs have horns? It is certainly true that cheetahs don't have horns. But is there a shift of focus, a change of one's point of view and a different, a novel, form of representation that would warrant the claim 40 PAUL ZIFF that cheetahs have horns? I don't think that at present there is but I don't see why there couldn't be. For suppose we were cornuphiles and had found a way to give a cheetah horns and suppose we were interested in developing a race of horned cheetahs.

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