By Klaus Schubert, Paloma de Villota, Johanna Kuhlmann
This e-book presents the 1st finished analyses of the demanding situations all ecu welfare platforms were dealing with considering that 2007, combining in-depth country-based reviews and comparative chapters. It makes a speciality of: 1) the commercial and monetary difficulty, 2) demographic switch, and three) the stability among fending off hazards and establishing up possibilities in social coverage. the consequences exhibit that ecu welfare structures are likely to face an analogous demanding situations in several methods and that still their responses to these demanding situations range significantly. even supposing the european additionally performs a component in shaping nationwide welfare platforms, it turns into obtrusive that ecu welfare structures are under no circumstances converging: by way of social coverage, nationwide variety inside of Europe remains to be a significant factor that might form destiny advancements in eu welfare systems.
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Extra resources for Challenges to European Welfare Systems
Morel, B. Palier, & J. ), Towards a social investment state? Ideas, policies and challenges (pp. 153–179). Bristol: Policy. Obinger, H. (2005). Austria. Strong parties in a weak federal system. In H. Obinger, S. Leibfried, & F. G. ), Federalism and the welfare state. New world and European experiences (pp. 181–221). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , & Ta´los, E. (2010). Janus-faced developments in a prototypical Bismarckian welfare state: Welfare reforms in Austria since the 1970s. In B.
The main reform adding a major new element to the system agreed on in 1993 is the regularisation of previously illegally ¨ sterle 2013b). employed migrant care work in 2007 (O From the 1990s and more signiﬁcantly in the past decade, Austria has seen a growing market of migrant care workers in private households, so-called 24-hour care workers. Care workers from Central Eastern European countries are employed in private households to provide the necessary care and support to people in need of care.
Instead, there have been lots of (apparently) marginal changes, “technical alterations”, or non-interventions. This also happened through “one-off measures” that proved impossible to implement as structural change, but which through repetition created historical precedent and fait accompli. That opaque and difﬁcult to understand multitude of piece-meal changes did add up to something more signiﬁcant. The institutional set-up of Belgium’s welfare state has ideally accommodated for such stealthy change.