By G. V. Eleftheriades, K. G. Balmain
Find out about the innovative new know-how of negative-refraction metamaterials Negative-Refraction Metamaterials: basic rules and functions introduces synthetic fabrics that aid the weird electromagnetic estate of unfavourable refraction. Readers will realize a number of sessions of negative-refraction fabrics besides their intriguing, groundbreaking functions, corresponding to lenses and antennas, imaging with super-resolution, microwave units, dispersion-compensating interconnects, radar, and safety. The ebook starts with a bankruptcy describing the basics of isotropic metamaterials during which a unfavorable index of refraction is outlined. within the following chapters, the textual content builds at the basics by means of describing quite a number valuable microwave units and antennas. subsequent, a extensive spectrum of intriguing new examine and rising functions is tested, together with: * conception and experiments at the back of a super-resolving, negative-refractive-index transmission-line lens * 3-D transmission-line metamaterials with a adverse refractive index * Numerical simulation reports of detrimental refraction of Gaussian beams and linked focusing phenomena * targeted merits and concept of formed lenses made from negative-refractive-index metamaterials * a brand new kind of transmission-line metamaterial that's anisotropic and helps the formation of sharp steerable beams (resonance cones) * Implementations of negative-refraction metamaterials at optical frequencies * strange propagation phenomena in metal waveguides partly packed with negative-refractive-index metamaterials * Metamaterials during which the refractive index and the underlying team speed are either detrimental This paintings brings jointly the simplest minds during this state of the art box. it's attention-grabbing interpreting for scientists, engineers, and graduate-level scholars in physics, chemistry, fabrics technology, photonics, and electric engineering.
By Gabi Ben-Dor
High-speed impression dynamics is of curiosity within the basic sciences, e.g., astrophysics and area sciences, and has a few vital functions in army applied sciences, fatherland safety and engineering. compared to experiments or numerical simulations, analytical ways in effect mechanics basically seldom yield valuable effects. even if, whilst profitable, analytical techniques let us be sure normal legislation that aren't in simple terms very important in themselves but additionally function benchmarks for next numerical simulations and experiments. the most aim of this monograph is to illustrate the capability and effectiveness of analytical tools in utilized high-speed penetration mechanics for 2 sessions of challenge. the 1st type of challenge is form optimization of impactors penetrating into ductile, concrete and a few composite media. the second one category of challenge contains research of ballistic houses and optimization of multi-layered shields, together with spaced and two-component ceramic shields. regardless of the large use of mathematical recommendations, the acquired effects have a transparent engineering which means and are provided in an easy-to-use shape. one of many chapters is dedicated exclusively to a couple universal approximate types, and this is often the 1st time finished description of the localized impactor/medium interplay technique is given. within the monograph the authors current systematically their theoretical ends up in the sector of high-speed impression dynamics got over the last decade which in simple terms in part seemed in clinical journals and meetings proceedings.
By Antonio Ramos
One of the so much promising strategies to address small items on the micrometer scale are those who hire electric forces, that have the benefits of voltage-based keep an eye on and dominance over different forces. The publication offers a state of the art wisdom on either theoretical and utilized facets of manipulation of colloidal debris and fluids in microsystems and covers the subsequent themes: dielectrophoresis, electrowetting, electrohydrodynamics in microsystems, and electrokinetics of fluids and debris. The publication is addressed to doctoral scholars, younger or senior researchers, chemical engineers and/or biotechnologists with an curiosity in microfluidics, lab-on-chip or MEMS.
By Dai-Ming Tang
Using an in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) method of examine the expansion mechanism of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in addition to the fabrication and houses of CNT-clamped steel atomic chains (MACs) is the focal point of the learn summarized during this thesis. the appliance of an in situ TEM procedure within the above-mentioned examine offers not just real-time statement but in addition monitored machining and structural evolvement on the atomic point. during this thesis, the writer introduces a CNT tubular nano furnace that may be operated less than TEM for research of the CNT nucleation mechanism. by way of learning the nucleation strategy of CNTs within the presence of varied catalysts, together with iron-based metal catalysts and silicon oxide-based non-metallic catalysts, the actual states of the catalysts in addition to the nucleation and progress technique of CNTs are published. in line with the certainty of the nucleation mechanism, the writer proposes a hetero-epitaxial progress technique of CNTs from boron nitride, which gives a brand new direction for the controllable progress of CNTs. additionally, the writer offers an electron beam-assisted nanomachining procedure and the fabrication of a CNT-clamped MAC prototype gadget in accordance with this method. The formation strategy of CNT-clamped Fe atomic chains (ACs) could be monitored with atomic answer. The proven quantized conductance and uninfluenced half-metallic homes of Fe ACs point out that CNTs could be promising nanoscale electrodes or interconnectors for the linking and meeting of nano and subnano structures.
By Klavs Hansen
Thermal techniques are ubiquitous and an realizing of thermal phenomena is vital for a whole description of the physics of nanoparticles, either for the aim of modeling the dynamics of the debris and for the proper interpretation of experimental data.
This ebook has the twofold goal to offer coherently the proper effects coming from the new medical literature and to steer the readers in the course of the strategy of deriving effects, permitting them to discover the bounds of the mathematical approximations and attempt the ability of the strategy. The booklet is targeted at the primary houses of nanosystems within the gasoline section. as a result there's a powerful emphasis on microcanonical physics. each one bankruptcy is enriched with workouts and three Appendices supply extra worthy materials.
By Shufen Tsoi, Enrico Fok, Jeremy C. Sit, Jonathan G. C. Veinot
By Yilong Bai
Adiabatic shear localization is a style of failure that happens in dynamic loading. it's characterised by means of thermal softening happening over a really slender area of a fabric and can be a precursor to ductile fracture and catastrophic failure. This reference resource is the revised and up-to-date model of the 1st particular examine of the mechanics and modes of adiabatic shear localization in solids. construction at the good fortune of the 1st version, the e-book presents a scientific description of a couple of elements of adiabatic shear banding. The recommendations and methods defined during this paintings can usefully be utilized to unravel a mess of difficulties encountered through these investigating fracture and harm in fabrics, impression dynamics, steel operating and different components. particular chapters specialize in lively fabrics, polymers, bulk steel glasses, and the math of shear banding in addition to the numerical modeling of them. With its exact assurance of the topic, this publication is of significant curiosity to teachers and researchers into fabrics functionality in addition to professionals.
- Up-to-date insurance of the topic and examine that has happened during the last 20 years
- Each bankruptcy is written on a distinct sub-field of adiabatic shear by means of an said specialist within the field
- Detailed and transparent discussions of every aspect
By Kenneth G. Budinski
Friction, put on, and erosion are significant concerns in mechanical engineering and fabrics technological know-how, leading to significant charges to companies working within the car, biomedical, petroleum/oil/gas, and structural engineering industries. the good news is, through realizing what friction, put on, or erosion mode predominates in a mechanism or equipment, you could take motion to avoid its high priced failure.
Seeing Is Believing
Containing approximately three hundred images of part mess ups, macro- and micrographs of floor harm, and schematics on fabric elimination mechanisms accrued over 50 years of tribology consulting and learn, Friction, put on, and Erosion Atlas is a must have speedy reference for tribology pros and laymen alike. entire with special motives of each friction, put on, and erosion approach, the atlas’ catalog of pictures is supported through a wealth of useful tips on:
- Diagnosing the categorical explanations of half failure
- determining well known modes of wear and tear, together with rolling and effect, with a distinct emphasis on adhesion and abrasion
- realizing manifestations of friction, corresponding to strength strains from a laboratory try out rig for a number of try couples
- spotting liquid droplet, stable particle, slurry, equivalent impingement, and cavitation modes of erosion
- constructing strategies to process-limiting problems
Featuring a word list of tribology phrases and definitions, in addition to thousands of visible representations, Friction, put on, and Erosion Atlas is either consumer pleasant and invaluable. It not just increases expertise of the significance of tribology, yet offers tips for the way designers can proactively mitigate tribology matters.
By Istvan Majoros, James R. Baker Jr.
In fresh a long time, dendrimers -- free-shaped man made macromolecules -- have garnered loads of clinical curiosity because of their designated molecular nanostructure. utilized in a number of medical functions, using dendrimers is now greatly considered as a more secure, extra unique, and more suitable strategy to perform medication.
This e-book compiles and information state of the art examine in technology and medication from the interdisciplinary group of the Michigan Nanotechnology Institute for medication and organic Sciences, who're presently revolutionizing drug supply suggestions in the course of the improvement of engineered nanodevices. Edited by means of Istvan J Majoros and James Baker, Jr., well-known nanotechnology researchers, this ebook will attract someone fascinated with nanotechnology, macromolecular technology, melanoma treatment, or drug supply study.
Contents: unique Drug supply quite often, New know-how in medication (B B Ward & J R Baker, Jr.); basic providers for Drug supply (T H Dunham et al.); Poly(amidoamine) Dendrimer Synthesis and Characterization (I J Majoros & D E Carter); Optical and Biophotonic functions of Dendrimer Conjugate (J Y Ye & T B Norris); Dendrimer Conjugates for melanoma remedy (I J Majoros et al.); organic program of PAMAM Dendrimer Nanodevices in vitro and in vivo (T P Thomas & J F Kukowska-Latallo); Dendrimer-based distinct Apoptosis Sensors for clinical program (A Myc et al.); MRI utilizing distinct Dendrimer distinction brokers (S D Swanson & C R Williams); Nanoparticle Membrane Interactions: Mechanism for greater Permeability (S Hong et al.); desktop Simulations of Dendrimers (S ok Kandasamy et al.); Dendrimer-Entrapped and Dendrimer-Stabilized steel Nanoparticles for Biomedical purposes (X-Y Shi & S H Wang).
By Robert Lacombe
Adhesion size equipment: concept and perform presents useful info at the most vital size strategies, their designated merits and drawbacks, and the choice of the correct procedure for a given program. It contains necessary info and formulae on adhesion similar issues reminiscent of motive force formulae for varied modes of delamination, tools for estimating rigidity buildup, and fabric estate info in help of again of the envelope calculations. the writer provides optimum equipment and instruments used for measuring the adhesion of coatings and skinny motion pictures in addition to surroundings applicable adhesion power requisites. He offers a close assessment of makes use of, implementation, and downsides for qualitative, semi-quantitative, and completely quantitative adhesion size ideas and self-loading platforms. The e-book discusses thermal-mechanical habit overview, the applying of the continuum conception of solids, and fracture mechanics, highlighting worthwhile measures of adhesion energy corresponding to pressure depth issue and pressure strength liberate expense. It offers particular examples of the way adhesion checking out is performed in perform, together with the peel try, the scratch attempt, and the pull try out, and describes the size of residual rigidity in a coating or different laminate constitution. The e-book concludes with examples taken from the author's adventure within the microelectronics and includes a number of appendices for having a look up basic formulae and fabric estate facts for acting daily calculations. Adhesion size tools is a perfect addition for classes on fabrics technological know-how, mechanics of fabrics, or engineering layout oflaminate constructions on the complex undergraduate or graduate point.