By Ahmad Soueid, E. Clayton Teague, James Murday
This publication offers with the layout and building of constructions for nanoscale technological know-how and engineering examine. the knowledge supplied during this publication turns out to be useful for designing and developing structures for such complicated applied sciences as nanotechnology, nanoelectronics and biotechnology. The ebook outlines the expertise demanding situations certain to every of the construction environmental demanding situations defined less than and offers most sensible practices and examples of engineering methods to deal with them:
• setting up and protecting severe environments: temperature, humidity, and pressure
• Structural vibration isolation
• Airborne vibration isolation (acoustic noise)
• Isolation of mechanical equipment-generated vibration/acoustic noise
• reasonably priced energy conditioning
• Grounding amenities for low electric interference
• Electromagnetic interference (EMI)/Radio frequency interference (RFI) isolation
• Airborne particulate contamination
• Airborne natural and chemical contamination
• atmosphere, security and healthiness (ESH) considerations
• Flexibility thoughts for nanotechnology facilities
The authors are experts and specialists with wisdom and event in the
control of environmental disturbances to structures and experimental equipment.
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Extra info for Buildings for Advanced Technology
The notion of generic criteria is discussed at length by Amick,2 along with a discussion of the various units that can be used for expressing vibration criteria. 4 Virtually all facilities with highly vibration-sensitive equipment will actually have a range of environmental requirements from highly sensitive to not sensitive. To some extent, the cost impact may be minimized by careful examination of the needs of a facility and by grouping areas based upon their vibration sensitivity. There may be considerable savings arising from placing all the highly sensitive instruments in one area of the facility, well away from vibration sources such as mechanical equipment rooms, and placing less sensitive spaces such as offices or generic laboratories between them.
At longer wavelengths (lower frequencies) the curvature is less, so the contribution of the bending element is smaller. Thus, the structural element on the surface tends to be more effective at higher frequencies. Stiffness must be quite high to see an effect at very low frequencies (say, less than 20 Hz). Long-beam alignment problems such as tilt and attitude variation The surface wave creates a curved (more-or-less sinusoidal) surface pattern, like ripples in a ripple tank. Therefore, a long-beam apparatus can experience two problems: (1) beam support points can move vertically with respect to each other, causing dynamic misalignment; and (2) beam support mechanisms act as cantilevers and rotate to stay perpendicular to the point on the surface at which they are attached.
The bending resistance provided by a bending element (plate or beam) on the surface of the soil reduces, to some extent, the amplitude of propagating surface waves. The extent to which the structural element contributes to this resistance depends on the surface wave’s wavelength and amplitude. At longer wavelengths (lower frequencies) the curvature is less, so the contribution of the bending element is smaller. Thus, the structural element on the surface tends to be more effective at higher frequencies.