Bioethanol: science and technology of fuel alcohol by Walker, Graeme M

By Walker, Graeme M

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Extra resources for Bioethanol: science and technology of fuel alcohol

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Bread) also have potential for bioconversion to fuel alcohol (eg. eu). net). 41 Bioethanol: Science and technology of fuel alcohol Bioethanol feedstocks Municipal Solid Waste Other forms of potentially fermentable waste materials include municipal solid waste (MSW) which is collected for disposal by urban communites in developed countries. MSW represents one of the lowest cost feedstock sources for cellulosic bioethanol production. 7 MJ/dry kg. There are therefore opportunities for combined disposal and energy recovery from MSW.

Cerevisiae species reproduces asexually by budding and sexually following the conjugation of cells of the opposite mating type. It is ellipsoid in shape with a large diameter of 5-10 μm and a small diameter of 1-7 μm. It is a eukaryotic microorganism that portrays the ultrastructural features similar to that of higher eukaryotic cells and possesses a nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, vacuoles, microbodies, and secretory vesicles. The growth of budding yeasts such as S.

Further information is available from Pasha and Rao (2009) and Monceaux (2009). ), whilst starch-based materials are predominantly derived from cereal crops such as maize, wheat and other cereals. Simple-sugar based feedstocks for bioethanol production include sugar cane, sugar beet and sweet sorghum and these crops represent a readily fermentable sugar source (comprising mainly sucrose, fructose and glucose) whilst cereal starches require pre-hydrolysis to obtain sugars that can be fermented by yeast.

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