Bicycle Design: An Illustrated History by Tony Hadland, Hans-Erhard Lessing

By Tony Hadland, Hans-Erhard Lessing

The bicycle ranks as essentially the most enduring, most generally used autos on the earth, with greater than a thousand million produced in the course of nearly 200 years of biking heritage. This ebook bargains an authoritative and entire account of the bicycle's technical and historic evolution, from the earliest velocipedes (invented to fill the necessity for horseless delivery in the course of a scarcity of oats) to trendy racing motorcycles, mountain motorcycles, and recumbents. It strains the bicycle's improvement by way of fabrics, ergonomics, and car physics, as performed by means of inventors, marketers, and manufacturers.

Written by way of prime bicycle historians and generously illustrated with ancient drawings, designs, and images, Bicycle layout describes the most important phases within the evolution of the bicycle, starting with the counterintuitive thought of balancing on wheels in line, throughout the improvement of tension-spoked wheels, oblique drives (employing levers, pulleys, chains, and chainwheels), and pneumatic tires. The authors study the additional improvement of the bicycle for such particular reasons as racing, portability, and all-terrain use; they usually describe the evolution of bicycle parts together with seats, transmission, brakes, lighting fixtures (at first candle-based), and companies (racks, panniers, saddlebags, baby seats, and sidecars). they give thought to not just commercially profitable designs but in addition advertisement disasters that pointed easy methods to destiny technological advancements. they usually debunk a few myths approximately bicycles -- for instance, the fallacious yet often-cited concept that Leonardo sketched a chain-drive motorcycle in his notebooks. regardless of the bicycle's lengthy historical past and mass charm, its technological historical past has been overlooked. This quantity, with its attractive and wide-ranging insurance, fills that hole. it is going to be the place to begin for all destiny histories of the bicycle.

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The velocipede became the star attraction at Peale’s museum in Philadelphia, and soon his sons were building lighter wooden velocipedes and riding them on the farm and in Germantown. The novelty was replicated by wheelwrights along the East Coast as far north as Boston (Dunham 1956, 35). According to the few surviving advertisements, all the machines were similar to Johnson’s. According to an unidentified period source, Denis Johnson sailed from London to New York to promote his velocipede (Street 2011, 54).

42 C hapter 2 “vélocipède à deux roues” at the upcoming World’s Fair in Paris in 1867. That application— dated October 6, 1865, and declined—doesn’t mention pedals. 2 meters, allows only enough space for toe rests, not enough for pedals. We can’t exclude the possibility that Bouglise was applying to exhibit a modernized draisine-like velocipede with one-meter solid-spoke wheels and the seat on a serpentine frame, though it has been speculated that he wanted to exhibit a cranked two-wheeler (Kobayashi 1993, 92; Lessing 2007).

Hillier was six years old at the time of London’s International Exhibition. His description was summarized in 1928 as follows: “Messrs. ” (Lightwood 1928) One would need a picture of a LaRoche & Mehew velocipede (also said to have been present at the exhibition) to be sure that it had cranks with pedals on a single front wheel. Ex post narratives of the invention One school of thought suggests that the tricycle with a single crank-driven front wheel originated around 1855–1860, and that the first cranked two-wheeled velocipede probably was developed from one of these around 1862 (Clayton 2006b).

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