Basic corrosion technology for scientists and engineers by Einar Mattson

By Einar Mattson

This undemanding survey of the corrosion of metals doesn't require a deep wisdom of chemistry, yet acts as a useful compendium of obtainable info at the kinds of corrosion, electrochemical ideas, environments and techniques of safeguard and prevention, in addition to techniques for additional info.

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Related values of these parameters for fracture can be recorded in a so-called Wohler curve (Fig. 44). The result is, however, influenced by the frequency of load changes and the form of the load curve (sine, triangular or square wave). Load . \ \ \ Fatigue limit " ----,--------- . " ............... __ Qorrosion fatigue ------- Log (number of loading cycles to rupture) Fig. 44: Wohler (SIN) curves for fatigue and corrosion fatigue in steel. g. steel, fatigue fracture does not take place irrespective of the number of load changes, providing only pure fatigue occurs, and the load is kept below a given value, which is called the fatigue limit (Fig.

4) (Fig. 30). On dezincification the zinc is dissolved selectively, while the copper is left as a porous mass having poor structural strength. Similar corrosion processes include the dealuminisation of aluminium bronze and the selective dissolution of tin in phosphor bronze. Graphitic corrosion in grey cast-iron provides another example of selective corrosion where the metallic constituents of the iron are removed (Fig. 1). The remaining graphite allows the object concerned to maintain its shape but its strength and mass are severely reduced.

24): F=~ P e: Pitting can occur in most metals. Amongst passivated metals this type of corrosion is initiated only above a certain electrode potential, the pitting potential. 3 CREVICE CORROSION Corrosion which is associated with a crevice and which takes place in or immediately around the crevice, is called crevice corrosion. In some cases crevice corrosion can simply be caused by corrosive liquid being held in the crevice, while surrounding surfaces dry out. If the crevice and the surrounding metal surfaces are in a solution, the liquid in the crevice can be almost Types of corrosion Fig.

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