An Introduction to Chemical Nomenclature by R. S. Cahn M.A., Dr. Phil. nat., F.R.I.C. (auth.)

By R. S. Cahn M.A., Dr. Phil. nat., F.R.I.C. (auth.)

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It is perhaps with the halogeno-acids that this nomenclature comes best into its. own. Potassium hexachloroplatinate(IV) for K2PtCl6 sidesteps the older platinichloride. , replacement of hydrogen. , fluorosilicate, can be made for very common compounds. The last example in our list may come as a shock, at least to the organic chemist, who is likely to retain for some time the hitherto usual lithium aluminium hydride. And in this connexion a little anticipation from later pages may be permitted: hydrocarbon radicals, when present as ligands, do not receive the terminal -o; so we have: Na[B(C6Hs)]4 sodium tetraphenylborate Ions and radicals Anions are negatively, and cations positively, charged atoms or groups of atoms.

But italics are no longer used in names such as isobutane, isopropyl, t-butyl, for here, though the prefixes define the substance, they do not define named substituents. Similarly prefixes which have varied use are not italicized when in particular cases they refer to stereoisomers, as in allocinnamic acid, for here they do not define a particular stereoisomer. American practice. , m-Xylene, cis-Stilbene). Alphabetical order Prefixes are arranged in alphabetical order, any multiplying parts of simple prefixes being neglected for this purpose.

For the partial ainides they put forward -ainidic acid names, and as an alternative the use of co-ordination nomenclature; for example, NHa·S0 3H sulphamidic 24 INORGANIC acid or amidosulphuric acid. Abbreviated namesin the above cases the common sulphamide, phosphamide, and sulphamic acid-are ''not recommended''. However, the -yl amide names differ noticeably from present organic practice, where amides are a much larger class than in inorganic chemistry; it seems to the present writer better to use either the trivial names or the co-ordination names at present: for example, S02(NH2)2 sulpharnide; or, for new compounds, as in diaminodioxosulphur.

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