By John J. Furedy, Christine P. Furedy (auth.), Hy I. Day (eds.)
It has been either a excitement and an honor to edit this e-book. The excitement has been in interacting with the talented authors who wrote the chapters for this quantity and the honour has been in understanding that the e-book is devoted to an outstanding guy and a super psychologist-Daniel E. Berlyne. the entire individuals to this e-book were touched, at your time, through Dan Berlyne and his principles. even if as his academics, his colleages, his friends, his scholars, or his pals and arguing companions, we have now all felt his presence and been enhanced through it. The checklist of participants to this quantity is huge and will were a lot higher, for a couple of humans, in reality, contacted me for the oppor tunity to give a contribution after they heard concerning the goal of this booklet. it's also a world record, for Dan Berlyne's contacts have been overseas. the range in content material and magnificence is additionally intentional. The authors have been invited to give a contribution an unique paper within the box within which they're shortly engaged, even if theoretical or a record of empirical paintings, and to point the contribution that Dan Berlyne had made to their paintings. because the reader will observe, contributions diversity from own and speak to in a laboratory to rules that elicit controversy, argument, and in depth re seek. Daniel Ellis Berlyne used to be born in Selford, England, a suburb of guy chester,in 1924, and died in Toronto, Canada, on November 2, 1976.
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Extra info for Advances in Intrinsic Motivation and Aesthetics
The protocol sentences are used in all the experiments about curiosity which Berlyne presents in his books and papers. Many of these experiments were made by Berlyne and his co-workers. Others were made by diverse American, European, and Soviet psychologists. Many of these experiments have an interest both for general psychologists and for educational psychologists, but it would lead us too far afield to review them in this paper. 6 It is sufficient to state that, in the present author's opinion, Berlyne's theory is based on firm empirical ground.
Hypotheses can explain the paradoxical simularities and differences between "sleepiness" (low arousal), which is preferred, and "boredom" (high arousal, but low arousal potential), which is avoided. Berlyne's hypotheses also explain how high arousal caused by high arousal potential is avoided. This "high-high-condition" exists in all drives (except boredom). And "curiosity" is thus a drive which is caused by conflicting stimuli-conditions (called "collative variables") which we will deal with later.
There is first the notion of drive as a condition that affects the level of activity. It is customary to speak of the "energizing effect of drive" in this connection. The close resemblance between the manifestations of drive, and those of arousal will hardly have escaped to the reader . . , 50 it will require no great temerity to regard drive, and arousal as intimately related. Nor will it require great originality, as several writers have been drawn towards the same step. Drive,. The second notion represents drive as an internal condition that makes certain (lvert responses more likely than others.