Adaptation and Human Behavior: An Anthropological by Lee Cronk

By Lee Cronk

Variation and Human habit is a set of state of the art experiences within the quickly transforming into box of human behavioral ecology. It commemorates the delivery of this strategy 20 years in the past with the e-book of Chagnon and Irons's edited quantity Evolutionary Biology and Human Social habit: An Anthropological viewpoint. while it redefines human behavioral ecology for a brand new new release of students and scholars. Following a suite of introductory chapters that positioned the quantity in broader old and theoretical context, eighteen chapters use facts from greater than twenty diverse human societies to discover human behavioral diversifications. a last bankruptcy seems to be at how a long way the strategy has come and the place it could possibly move. recognized human behavioral ecologists in addition to a more youthful new release of students technique issues with a level of theoretical and methodological sophistication that display either the adulthood and freshness of this new paradigm within the examine of human habit. CONTENTS Preface · half I. a few Statements of thought · 1. 20 years of a brand new Paradigm, William Irons · 2. 3 kinds within the Evolutionary research of Human habit, Eric Alden Smith · half II. Mating · three. Polygyny, kinfolk constitution, and baby Mortality: A potential research one of the Dogon of Mali, Beverly I. Strassman · four. Paternal funding and Hunter-Gatherer Divorce premiums, Nicholas Blurton Jones, Frank W. Marlowe, Kristen Hawkes, and James F. O'Connell · five. Fertility, Offspring caliber, and Wealth in Datoga Pastoralists: trying out Evolutionary versions of Intersexual choice, Daniel W. Sellen, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder, and Daniela F. Sieff · 6. Manipulating Kinship principles: a sort of Male Yanomam? Reproductive festival, Napoleon Chagnon · 7. actual reputation, Race, and Somatic Prejudice in Bahia, Brazil, Douglas Jones · half III. Parenting · eight. Parental funding techniques between Aka Foragers, Ngandu Farmers, and Euro-American city Industrialists, Barry S. Hewlett, Michael E. Lamb, Birgit Leyendecker, and Axel Sch?lmerich · nine. Parenting different Men's youngsters: fee, advantages, and effects, Jane B. Lancaster and Hillard S. Kaplan · 10. Female-Biased Parental funding and progress functionality one of the Mukogodo, Lee Cronk · eleven. The Grandmother speculation and Human Evolution, Kristen Hawkes, James F. O'Connell, Nicholas Blurton Jones, H. Alvarez, and E.L. Charnov · 12. Why Do the Yomut increase extra Sons than Daughters? William Irons · half IV. The Demographic Transition · thirteen. An Adaptive version of Human Reproductive fee the place Wealth Is Inherited: Why humans Have Small households, Ruth Mace · 14. Skills-Based aggressive exertions Markets, the Demographic Transition, and the interplay of Fertility and Parental Human Capital within the choice of kid results, Hillard S. Kaplan and Jane B. Lancaster · 15. intercourse, Wealth, and Fertility: previous principles, New Environments, Bobbi Low · sixteen. To Marry back or now not: A Dynamic version for Demographic Transition, Barney Luttberg, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder, and Marc Mangel · half V. Sociality · 17. results of ailment and harm on Foraging one of the Yora and Shiwiar: Pathology chance as Adaptive challenge, Lawrence Sugiyama and Richard Chacon · 18. Reciprocal Altruism in Yanomam? meals trade, Raymond Hames · 19. Reciprocal Altruism and struggle: A Case from the Ecuadorian Amazon, John Q. Patton · 20. The Emergence and balance of Cooperative Fishing on Ifaluk Atoll, Richard Sosis · half VI. end · 21. 20 years of Evolutionary Biology and Human Social habit: the place Are We Now? J. Patrick grey · References · Index

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Extra info for Adaptation and Human Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective (Evolutionary Foundations of Human Behavior)

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Williams on the issues of adaptation and levels of selection, and Robert MacArthur and Eric Pianka on foraging strategies. 2. Research into the evolutionary biology of human behavior began in earnest in the 1970s and was showcased in a session organized by Napoleon A. Chagnon and William Irons at the 1976 annual meetings of the American Anthropological Association and in a subsequent edited volume, Evolutionci? tlzr~~i~ological Perspective (Chagnoii and Irons 1979). The present volume is in part in commemoration of the twentieth anniversary of that early work.

Wright, Robert. 1994. The Moral Animal: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology. New York: Pantheon. Zahavi, Arnotz, Avishag Zahavi, Naarna Zahavi-Ely, and Melvin Patrick Ely. 1997. The Handicap Principle. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Three Styles in the Evolutionary Analysis of Human Behavior ERIC ALDEN SMITH A theory does not give concIusions-it directs the nature of the research, but each application of the theory demands careful research. . There is no way for a scientist to leap directly from genetic or evolutionary theory to conclusions about human behavior.

3. , modern bureaucratic societies and other hierarchical social/enculturation structures). , White 1959; Sahlins and Service 1960) as well as what some term “evolutionary archaeology” (O’Brien 1996; cf. Boone and Smith 1998), DXT practitioners posit that cultural evolution is embedded in and constrained by genetically evolved psychological propensities. , 1995; Rogers 1988). But in contrast to classical sociobiology, or most varieties of EP and HBE, DIT holds that culture can sometimes evolve in directions quite different from what we would predict from genetic evolution alone, including genetically maladaptive directions.

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