A Text-book of Practical Organic Chemistry Including by Arthur Israel Vogel

By Arthur Israel Vogel

The best books there's educating useful natural chemistry. The 3rd version of this e-book (first released in 1956) is admittedly of far better use to the pastime chemist, because it doesn't utilize any hideously dear glassware/apparatus or unique reagents or catalysts.

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Additional resources for A Text-book of Practical Organic Chemistry Including Qualitative Organic Analysis. Third Edition

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Further cooling merely results in both components solidifying completely. A somewhat different method of plotting the results will help the reader to appreciate the significance of the eutectic temperature. In Fig. * The curve AC portrays the decreasing melting point of a-naphthol as naphthalene is added up to a mol fraction of 0-605. The curve EG represents the 100' 90' 8tf . 70 60' 100% a-Nophthol 100% Naphthalene Composition Fig. /, 11, 2. melting points of naphthalene with a-naphthol regarded as the " foreign ingredient " up to a mol fraction of 0-395 of a-naphthol.

And one volume of the alcohol to be tested are mixed and the homogeneous mixture is cooled in ice until the appearance of a cloudiness. A thermometer is placed in the solution, which is allowed to warm gradually to the temperature at which the second phase disappears. The THEORY OF GENERAL TECHNIQUE 10] 21 temperature at which the solution just becomes homogeneous is taken as the critical solution temperature. The same result is obtained by observing the temperature at which the second phase appears.

Melting point and vapour pressure. The melting point of a crystalline solid is the temperature at which the solid begins to change into liquid under a pressure of one atmosphere. For pure substances, the change from the solid to the liquid state is quite sharp (within 0-5°), hence the temperature is valuable for purposes of identification. Moreover, the melting point is considerably influenced by the presence of other * This may be prepared by the catalytic reduction of pure diphenyl (see Section 111,150).

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