A Matter of Size by Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative,

By Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council

The nationwide Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) was once created in 2000 to concentration and coordinate the nanoscience and nanotechnology learn and improvement (R&D) actions being funded through numerous federal organisations. the aim of the NNI is to marshal those learn actions on the way to speed up liable improvement and deployment of nanotechnology for fiscal gain and nationwide defense. To take inventory of the growth of the NNI, Congress, in P. L. 108-153, the twenty first Century Nanotechnology study and improvement Act, directed the nationwide examine Council to hold out a assessment of this system each 3 years. This document provides the result of the 1st of these stories, which addresses the commercial impression of nanotechnology advancements and gives a benchmark of U.S. R&D efforts relative to these undertaken via international rivals. additionally, the file bargains an evaluate of the present prestige of dependable improvement of nanotechnology and reviews at the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.

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Many organizations, including the National Academies, have increased their public outreach activities with greater coverage on public radio and open access to their publications. With greater online access, NSF and DOE media Web sites have also increased their coverage with exciting news releases and f­eatured stories. S. under­ graduate and graduate education. Conclusions and Recommendations Revisiting the NNI’s first three goals (see the subsection “Development of an Updated Strategic Plan” above in this chapter) provides a useful framework for summarizing the committee’s conclusions about the impact of the NNI.

It was established in 2002 and funded at $20 million for 3 years. The Naval Research Laboratory’s Institute for Nanoscience conducts inter­ disciplinary research at the intersections of the fields of materials, electronics, and biology in the nanometer size domain. The institute exploits the broad multi­ disciplinary character of the Naval Research Laboratory, bringing together scientists with disparate training and backgrounds to address common goals at the inter­ section of their respective fields at this length scale.

NNI ACCOMPLISHMENTS In reviewing the NNI the committee investigated the various impacts the initiative has had, focusing, in particular, on the impact of NNI coordination—including the impacts on agency programs and priorities. The committee notes that it was clear early on that carrying out a comprehensive assessment of the science being funded by the NNI was beyond the means available to the study. The field of nanotechnology is so broad and involves so many disciplines that assessing the science output attributable to the NNI would be an enormously difficult task.

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