By Jerome L. Packard (auth.)
A Linguistic research of Aphasic chinese language Speech is the 1st certain linguistic research of a giant physique of aphasic chinese language average speech facts. This paintings describes how the foremost aphasia syndromes are take place in chinese language, a language which differs considerably from languages upon which conventional aphasia concept relies. Following the chinese language facts, a brand new cause of the foremost aphasia syndromes is obtainable in keeping with the cognitive technological know-how modularity speculation. the speculation posits that Broca's aphasia is the results of computational deficits that happen inside of linguistic elements, whereas Wernicke's aphasia is the results of deficits that happen within the move of data among elements. it truly is proven how the fluent and non-fluent features of the key aphasia syndromes keep on with at once from the homes of cognitive modules.
particular linguistic descriptions of Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia in chinese language are supplied, together with a precis of diagnostics of aphasia style. the total corpora of 4 aphasic chinese language audio system, together with interlinear and unfastened translations, are awarded in an Appendix.
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Additional resources for A Linguistic Investigation of Aphasic Chinese Speech
Thus if, according to Grodzinsky, , non-lexical nodes such as INFL are devoid of content in agrammatism, then, for example, we might expect Case to (incorrectly) go unassigned in a tensed clause in Chinese agrammatism. Practically speaking, in examining the speech of non-fluent patients such as LXZ, the Case-assigning properties of INFL may be of little consequence, because in Chinese they arise mostly in the context of sentence embedding, and non-fluent patients such as LXZ rarely, if ever, produce embedded sentences.
Sunday I fall-ASP I Sunday I was falling ... in the previous example, diezhe is an example of an inflectional suffix (-zhe '-ing') suffixed to a jargon root -zhe verb. 13 (LI57) Vzuo xie nr geV ... sit thank you M ??? You stand. You sit. Ni you OzhanO. stand Ni you zuo. sit category). In the following utterance, zuo, zie and ni are all possible Mandarin words. What identifies them as neologistic 'word creations' is that the words do not make any sense in the form class slots they occupy. , multimorphemic) words.
For compound nouns the most common form is [N-NlN as in pibao (leather-bag, 'wallet'), fumu (father-mother, 'parents') and niunai (cowmilk, 'milk'). For compound verbs the most common form is [V-Vlv, as in zihuan (like-joy, 'like'), jiejue (dissolve-decide, 'solve') and taolun (discusstalk, 'discuss'). Most compound nouns have a noun as the right hand member ofthe compound ([X-NlN)' and most compound verbs have a verb as the left hand member of the compound ([V-Xlv). For this reason, compound nouns may be considered canonically right-headed (see Packard 1990b), and compound verbs may be considered canonically left-headed (see Li, Y-F.